GEOLOGY OF VYRNWY VALLEY

    Did you know that Lake Vyrnwy covers and is surrounded by rocks up to seven times older than the famous Tyrannosaurus rex dinosaur, who lived and died some 66 million years ago? That means that the bedrock that surrounds Vyrnwy was formed between 455 and 431 million years ago, during the Ordovician and Silurian periods.

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    The rocks are mostly composed of petrified sand and mud, and so they are sandstones and mudstones. They were originally deposited in a deep sea environment. Sand and mud derived from the continent were fed into the sea, from which they were remobilized and transferred towards the deep waters. The sediments slid down the marine slope forming a turbidity current, a mixture of sand, mud and entrained water that travels stuck to the basin floor because of its high density in comparison to the surrounding waters. A turbidity flow has many similarities with snow avalanches. Avalanches are made of a mixture of snow particles (comparable with the sand and mud in a turbidity current) and entrained air (comparable to the water), that due to their higher density with respect to the atmospheric air travel at high velocities stuck to the mountain slope (i.e. marine slope) towards the valleys (i.e. lowermost part of the marine basin, where turbidity currents deposit their sediment load). Once the dip of the slope decreased, so did the velocity of the sediment mixture, and as a consequence, the ability of the water to transport coarse grains was increasingly compromised. That is why the sand was usually deposited first, within seconds, while the mud remained suspended in the water several hours or even days because of its smaller size, after which they covered the sands with a homogeneous bed. This process, repeated over time millions of years, has produced a characteristic alternation of sandstone and mudstone layers known altogether as turbidites. Each sandstone-mudstone pair was derived from a single turbidity current, and thus reminds us that geological processes are not always that slow, and can generate visible features within a few hours.

    Intercalated within these sediments is a characteristic interval that was deposited as a result of a catastrophic event. Four hundred and fifty-five million years ago, an explosive volcano blew up expelling an ash-cloud that generated a pyroclastic flow composed of fine-grained volcanic fragments with entrained hot air that allowed their transport at fast velocities. This flow was likely similar to the one that buried the Roman city of Pompeii in AD 79, destroying everything on its way. The flow entered the sea, where it was deposited interbedded in between the Ordovician turbidites. A close look at these rocks, known as tuff and characterised by a massive appearance and light-grey colour, can be obtained on the road midway from Llanwddyn and the Lake Vyrnwy dam.

    The rocks were deformed during the collision of the ancient continent of Laurentia (North America) with the Avalonia microcontinent (Wales and England, among other areas such as SW Portugal and Spain), which led to the Caledonian Orogeny. The collision started in the late Silurian (some 420 million years ago) and finished in the mid-Devonian (390 million years). As a result, the rocks that are found today at lake Vyrnwy were folded forming an anticline, a concave down structure that causes the rock strata to dip towards the northwest in the area. As a consequence of their inclination, the rocks in the valley get progressively younger from the Lake Vyrnwy dam towards the west and northwestern bank. Unfortunately, the majestic forests that surround the lake don’t allow an easy recognition of the deformed rocks, though occasional outcrops can be seen along the road and on the higher mountain areas, where the vegetation cover grows scarcer.

    After that, no record of the complex geological times that followed is preserved in the Lake Vyrnwy environment. At least, not until very ‘recent’ times. During the period known as Quaternary, which includes the last 2.6 million years, numerous glaciers covered the Welsh landscape. Frozen water moving very slowly for thousands of years eroded the landscape away, leaving evidences of their cold presence in the Vyrnwy area. One of them is the valley itself that hosts the Lake Vyrnwy, which was carved in the hard Ordovician and Silurian bedrock by the advancing glacial ice. Upon its melting during the last 100,000 years, the sediments contained in the ice were concentrated and deposited on the lower part of the valley, forming a thin veneer of sediments known as glacial till. These deposits, characterised by rock clasts of different lithologies, shapes and sizes embedded in a fine-grained matrix, cover the lowermost part of the valley in the northeastern bank, where they can be usually recognized by the greener meadows that grow on top of them.

Now that you know a bit more of the geology of Lake Vyrnwy, what about a walk enjoying the wonders of the four-hundred-million-year-old beautiful environment that surrounds Lake Vyrnwy Hotel & Spa? Don’t get too lost in time!

Manuel I. de Paz , PhD student University of Oviedo, for LVH&S

HOT CROSS BUNS RECIPE

Freshly made hot cross buns in our terrace

Freshly made hot cross buns in our terrace

Everything ready for Easter celebrations? If not, our pastry chefs Lucia and Bill want to share with you a classic hot cross bun recipe to celebrate this Easter, which is pretty delicious! Ready to run to the kitchen? Three, two, one, go!

Ingredients:

 -300 ml of whole milk
-500g of strong white bread flour
-40g of butter
-75g of caster sugar
-1 sachet of instant yeast
-1 egg
-80g of sultanas
-50g mixed peel
-1 orange zest
-1 chopped apple
-Cinnamon
-Salt to taste
-75g of plain flour
-75g of apricot jam

How to:

1. Heat the milk and melt the butter in the saucer and let it cool.
2. Mix it together with the white flour, yeast, egg, salt and the caster sugar in a large bowl, creating a sticky dough ball. Add some more flour, until it gets elastic. Cover the bowl with a plastic sheet and let the dough raise in a warm place at least one hour (the dough should double in volume).
3. Knead the dough adding the sultanas, mixed peel, orange zest, apple and cinnamon.
4. Let it double in size again, approximately for another hour.
5. Divide the dough around 12/15 pieces. Roll each one of them in a slightly floured surface and then cover with a wet cloth and leave them again for another hour.
6. Mix the plain flour with water until it gets thick. Pipe it over the buns, making a cross shape.
7. Bake the buns for 20 minutes in the oven, which must be preheated at 220°C.
8. Warm the apricot jam with a bit of water and brush it over the buns to glaze them.

Enjoy and have a Great Good Friday!

THE VISIT OF HRH THE PRINCE OF WALES TO LAKE VYRNWY IN 1910

Image in the Evening Express (First Edition), 18th March 1910.

Image in the Evening Express (First Edition), 18th March 1910.

Thursday 10th March 1910. This early morning has been wet but the sun starts to beam through the clouds. Seems to be an ordinary day of late Winter in the Vyrnwy Valley, if ordinary is an appropriate word to describe a place which orography has been altered so drastically in the lapse of the last thirty years, the time that the Liverpool Corporation Water Works has invested to rise the largest reservoir of Europe here in Llanwddyn. It seems to be an ordinary day, we said, but it is not indeed. This very morning HRH the Prince of Wales is arriving at the young Lake to officially declare the completion of the water scheme, who has cost the City of Liverpool £3,000,000. His Royal Highness will pronounce a respendent inauguration speech, unveil a festooned commemorative plate and plant a symbolic oak to celebrate this marvel of the engineering comparable in its dazzle to another nowadays wonders as the phonograph, the expedition of the Poles or the radio communication! After the ceremonies, the Prince will celebrate the event deliciating in the secluded and charming Lake Vyrnwy Hotel, from where all the attendants will enjoy a panoramic view of the landscape.

Saturday 10th March 2018. Today, a sunny Friday borrowed by the Spring, it has been one hundred eight years since the Royal visit to our Lake in 1910. All that remains of the event can be easily listed: a sturdy and tough oak, a weathered but withstanding commemorative plaque, a little fistful of photographs, a faded invitation to the refreshments celebrated in our Hotel and some papers that may bring joy to nostalgic daydreamers and history lovers.

We have decided to gather some historical press clippings followed by its transcription as a humble contribution to the memory of this historic event. We hope you enjoy leafing through them. Please note that we do not own the rights of any of them and that all have been retrieved from the Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru / The National Library of Wales.


15th February 1910, The Montgomeryshire Express and Radnor Timeshrh-0

Prince of Wales Coming to Lake Vyrnwy. His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales has consented, on the invitation of the Liverpool Corporation, to perform the ceremony of inaugu-rating the completion of the Vyrnwy Waterworks at Lake Vyrnwy on March 16th. The undertaking has involved the diversion of the rivers Cowoy and Marchnant into Lake Vyrnwy, and completes all the work originally contemplated at the lake itself, as distinguished from the pipe lines. At the time of the ceremony the Prince will be staying with the Earl of Derby at Knowsley for the Grand National.


hrh-515th February 1910, The Montgomeryshire Express and Radnor Times

Another Royal Visit* THE PRINCE OF WALES AT LAKE VYRNIEW. The Prince of Wales, who visited Powis Castle last November, will pay another visit to Montgomeryshire on Wednesday, March 16th. This Royal advent will be occasioned by the ceremony of officially completing the Liverpool Corporation’s waterworks at Lake Vyrniew. The official communication was received by the Lord Mayor of Liverpool last Monday, and the Water Committee will make arrangements for all the members of the City Council to attend the ceremony. The undertaking has involved the diver-sion of the rivers Cowny and Marchnant into Lake Vyrnwy, and completes all the work originally contemplated at the lake itself, as distinguished from the pipe lines. At the time of the ceremony the Prince will be staying with the Earl of Derby as Knowsley for the Grand National.


16th February 1910, Baner ac Amserau Cymruhrh-6

“Dirwywyd ffermwr a daflodd bupur I cay- enne’ dros gynnulleidfa ymgasglodd o gwmpas cerbyd modur yr ymgeisydd Rhyddfrydig yn Ledbury, ddiwrnod y polio, i 2p. 10s. ar bob un o’r gwysiau ddygwyd yn ei erbyn gan bob! wedi derbyn niweidiau, a gorchymynwyd iddo dalu 3p 10s. o ad dal- iad. Derbyniodd1 Arglwydd Faer Liverpool ohebiaetili boreu dydd Llun, yn ei hysbysu y j bydd yn bleser mawr gan Dywysog Cymru gydsynio A gwaihoddiad. Corphoraeith Liver- pool i gyflawni y, seremoni o ddathlu gor- phleiniad. Gweithiau Dwfr y Vyrnwy, dydd Mercher, Mawirth 16eg. Bydiil i bwyllgor y dwfr wneyd trefniadau i’r oil o aelodau y Cynghor Dimesig fod yn dyst o’r seremoni.”


hrh-717th February 1910, The Welsh Coast Pioneer and Review for North Cambria

DIRWYO TRWYDDEDWR. Yn Heddlys Bettwsycocd, dydd Sadwxn, cyhuddwyd Mr Michael Judge, trwyddodwr y Belle Vue Hotel, yn nghyda’x Sliip Inn, Trel- riw, o werthu gwirodydd heb drwydded. Er- lynid gan Mr W. H. Darbisihire, y Swyddfa Cyllidol. Dirwywyd y diffynydd ddeg swilt a’r costau vn mliob achoe, a gohaxiwyd am fis y pwnc o adnewyddiad y drwydded. EISTEDDFOD YN FFESTINIOG. Cynhaliodd Annibynwyr Ffestiniog Eiisteddfod Iwydd- ianus nos Wener a noe Sadwrn. Arweimid a bearniodid yr adrodd tran Bryfdir, tra moi Mr J. E. Roberts, Penroachno, ydoedd y beirniad ocrddorol. Oar Plant Hyfrydfa (anroinyM, Mr Robert Humphreys) ddy- faxnwyd yn oreu o bedwar cor ddaeth yn mJaen. Telyneg: Mr Eidan Davies, LhtWaen, Pwllheli. Traethawd: D. Roberts, Bodafon. Uoawd Mns SOOd- dart, Penygelli. Adroddaaid Mr W .0. Roberts, Oae- lyd. Prif gystadleuaeth gorawl (pedwar cor yn cys- tadlu): Cor Hyfrydfa (arweinydd, Mr W. 0. Thomas). YMWELIAD TYWYSOG CYMRU A LLYN VYRNWY. Derbymiodd Arglwydd Faer Lerpwl ohebiaeth boreu Llun yn ed hysbysu y bydd yn bieser mawr gan Dywysfjg’ Cymru gjdsymo a gwahodd-iad Corphoraeth Liverpool i gyflawna y seremoni o ddatWu gorphoniad G weifhiau Dwfr y Vyr-nwy, dydd Mercher, Mawrth 16ag. By4d i bwvllgor y dtwf r wnoud tnefunadau Tr tl o aei- odiEtti y Cymgfboir Dinesig’ fod yn dyst o’r seremoni


23rd February 1910, Baner ac Amserau Cymruhrh-01

“Trefna Tywysog Cymru i agor gwoithiiau dwfr Liverpool, yn LLyn y Vyrnwy, ar yr 16eg o Fawrth nesaf.”


hrh-826th February 1910, The Rhos Herald

Bydd i Dywysog Cymru agor gwaith dwfr Lerpwl, yn Llyn y Vyrnwy, ar yr i6eg o Fawrth nesaf. Y mae Syr Thomas Raleigh, K.C.I., un o lywodraethwyr Coleg Normalaidd Bangor, wedi rhoddi £50 at brynu llyfrau clasurol yn y Ffranceg ar Almaeneg yn llyfrgell y Coleg.


3rd March 1910, Evening Expresshrh-5

PRINCE’S WELSH ENGAGEMENT When the Prince of ales [sic] visits the Prin- cipality, on the 16th inst., to perform the auguration [sic] ceremony on the completion of the Liverpool Corporation’s waterworks &t Lake Vyrnwy, he will be received there by the Lord Mayor of the Mersey city at Four Crosses Station. Then the party will go by motor-car to the lake, ten miles distant, accepting on the way addresses from the villagers of Llans&intflraid and the Town Council of Llanfyllin. His Royal Highness will perform two ceremonies at Lake Vyrnwy, one being the unveiling of a commemorative tablet and the other the opening of the com-pleted works. The Prince is to proceed sub-sequently to Huyton and be the guest of the Earl and Countess of Derby during the Grand National Meeting at Aintree.


hrh-098th March 1910, The Montgomeryshire Express and Radnor Times

On Wednesday, the 16th of this month, the Prince of Wales will visit Lake Vyrnwy in connection with the completion of the Liverpool waterworks there. The Lord Mayor of Liverpool and other members of the City Corporation, together with officials and invited guests, will be welcomed on arrival at Llanfyllin by the Mayor (Alder- man Ellis Roberts) and the Town Council. The Prince will be received at Four Crosses station by the Lord Mayor. His Royal Highness has intimated his willing- ness to receive addresses from the inhabit- ants of Llansantffraid and the Town Council of Llanfyllin. He will simply receive the addresses and hand to each of the present- ers a typewritten reply. At Lake Vyrnwy his Royal Highness will perform two brief ceremonies, one the unveiling of a com- memorative tablet, and the other the declar- ing open of the completed works. He will also visit the straining tower. After the ceremony the Prince will return to Four Crosses, and there re-join the royal train, which will proceed, by way of Oswestrv and Whitchurch, to Huyton, where his Royal Highness will be the guest of the Earl and Countess of Derby during the Grand Nation- al meeting at Aintree. Four Crosses station will be decorated by the Cambrian Railways Company in honour of the occasion, and a scheme of dec- oration will be carried out by the Liverpool Corporation at Lake Vrynwy. The village of Llansantffraid and the town of Llanfyllin will also be decorated in honour of the royal visit.

 


15th March 1910, The Montgomeryshire Express and Radnor Timeshrh-010

The Prince of Wales’ Visit to Montgomeryshire. The preparations for the Prince of Wales’ visit to Lake Vyrnwy on Wednesday are now com-pleted. His Royal Highness will reach Four Crosses Station at 1-57, where a guard of honour will be posted, and from there he will travel by motor to Lake Vyrnwy. He will halt at Llan- saintffraid and receive an address from Mr John Rees, chairman of tne Parish Council, and also at Llanfyllin, where a short ceremony will take place. Another guard of honour will be placed here, with the regimental band. under Major W. M. Dugdale. The school children will be stand- ing close by and will sing patriotic songs. After receiving an address from the Mayor (Mr Ellis Roberts), the Prince will continue his journey to the lake. Here His Royal Highness will unveil a commemorative tablet, and also declare the opening of the completed works. He will visit the straining tower, and return by the royal train. His Royal Highness will be the guest of the Earl and Countess of Derby. The Lord Mayor and other members of the Liverpool City Council will be welcomed at Llanfyllin bv the Mavor. Snhnnl children will sing patriotic airs in the station yard at Four Crosses, which will be decorated by the railway company. Two arches will be erected at Llanfyllin by Mr Marshall Dugdale and Mr John Lomax. The Corporation will decorate the Town Hall, and other decorations will be carried out by Mr Dugdale. Mr Lomax intends to invite the school children to tea.


hrh-01117th March 1910, Evening Express

PRINCE OF WALES AT LAKE VYRNWY. LIVERPOOL WATER SCHEME INAUGURATED. The Prince of Wales, accompanied by lard Derby, Lord Herbert Vane Tempest, and the Hon. Derek Keppel, left London at ten o’clock on Wednesday morning by train for the highlands of North Wales for the purpose of celebrating the completion of the great Liverpool water scheme at Lake Vyrnwy, which cost nearly three millions sterling. The Royal train reached Four Crosses Station, Liaeymyneoh, on the Cambrian Railway, at one o’clock, and at 12.30 special train arrived from Liverpool bearing the Lord Mayor and corporation, engineers and officials, numbering about two hundred. The Prince of Wales was received by the Lord Mayor, Mr. Hemmerde, M.P. (recorder of Liverpool), Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn (lord-lieutenant of the county), Ma jot-gen era LIoyd, commanding the Welsh Division, and other officials. A guard of honour was formed by the Royal Welsh Fusiliers, and school-children sang Welsh patriotic airs. Progress was then made in the motor-cars to Llaaintffraed, Llanfecbaln, and Llanfyllin, where thousands of inhabitants lined the roadways and the town choirs sang “God Bless the Prince of Wales.” The journey continued through the Montgomeryshire valleys to Llanwddyn, where a massive cyclopeam embankment of stone and granite, 160ft. high, impounds the waters of three rivers, the Vyrnwy, Marchant, and Afon Conway, forming Vyrnwy Lake, twelve miles in circumference, this being the largest sheet of water in the Principality. Here the Prince of Wales made an inspection of the works and unveiled a marble tablet com-memorating the completion of the scheme, after which his Royal Highness turned the lever conveying the waters from Marchant into the great reservoir. The Prince also planted a memorial tree on the mountain-side adjoining the lake. After refreshments at the Vyrnwy Hotel, the Royal party motored back to Llanymynech, and took special train to Hoyton, whence the Prince of Wales drove to Knowsley Hall as guest of the Earl and Counters of Derby.


18th March 1910, The Cambrianhrh-4

PRINCE IN MID WALES. VYRNWY WATER SUPPLY INAUGURATED. The PriD e of Wales, with the Hon. Derek Keppel in attendance, left Marlborough House on Wednesday morning on his way to inaugurate the scheme for in-oreasitig the water supply of LiverpoOll from Lake Vyrnwy. His Royal Highness was met at Euston by the Earl of Derby and Lord Herbert. Vane Tempest, High Sheriff of Montgomery- shire. The Prince, with Mr Keppel, Lord Derby, and ford Herbert, Vane Tempest, left by special train at 9.55.


hrh-318th March 1910, Y Dydd

“TYWYSOG CYMRU YN Y VYRNWY. Yr oedd Tywysog Cymru yn agor gwaith yn Llyn Vyrnwy ddoe (Mercher), pa un a trphenai scheme y Liverpool Corporation .y Cyflenwir dinas Lerpwl a dwfr o’r llyn hwn. Yr oedd rhai o Territorials Dolgellau, o dan Captain Reveley a Lieutenant Oswald Davies, yn guard of honour i’r Tywywog. Cyhoeddir heddyw fod Deon Llanelwy T Parch. S. Pryce, M.A., ar roi ei le i fyny lei Deon yn Esgobaeth Llanelwy, oherwydd kenaint a llesgedd.”


19th March 1910, The Cardiff Timeshrh-02

“ROYALTY IN WALES. £3,000,000 Scheme. ROMANCE OF ENGINEERING. The Prince of Wales on Wednesday inaugu- rated the scheme for increasing the water sup- ply of Liverpool from Lake Vyrnwy. He was met by the Lord Mayor of Liverpool, the Lord Lieutenant of the county, the Major-General commanding the Welsh Division, and other officials. With them the Prince motored to Llanfyllin, where a pause was made for the presentation of an address by the Mayor. There were great rejoicings in the district. The scheme for providing Liverpool with water from Lake Vyrnwy was begun 30 years ago, and has cost £3,000,000. Lake Vyrnwy will henceforth hold such a mighty reserve of water that the people of Liverpool and of the 215 square miles outside the dy which are supplied from the lake may regard with perfect equanimity the prospect of the severest drought. Harnessing a River, In 1880 the Vyrnwy scheme was sanctioned by Parliament. It involved the harnessing of the river Vyrnwy for the purposes of the com- munity. A village stood in the way of the engineers. Necessity compelled that a church. three Nonconformist chapels, and a National school should be demolished together with half a hundred of the picturesque cottages which appeal so strongly to the Welsh tourist. The ancient highway connecting Merioneth and Montgomery was diverted, or it would now be submerged 80ft. beneath the collection of mountain streams which make Lake Vyrnwy, and ensure for Liverpool a splendid bill of health. While the hamlet of Llanwddyn was being wiped out the river was being dammed, and the aforetime peaceful valley is to-day a magnificent lake of purest water nearly five miles long and containing more than twelve thousand million gallons. Piercing Two Mountains. The river Vyrnwy had a splendid flow, but the corporation, as the water authority, was far-seeing enough to arrange that additional sources of supply should be tapped. They have, therefore, impounded two other rivers, and it is the completion of the works which render the bright waters of these streams available for the people of Liverpool that the Prince of Wales yesterday inaugurated. The Cownwy and the Marchnant will enable a vastly in- creased watershed to be at the service of the city. The Cownwy Valley runs south-west of the Vyrnwy, and the Marchnant Valley is to the eastward. There are mountains between the three valleys, and -as the laws of nature will not permit the taking of tumbling streams up rocky slopes, the engineers have pierced two broad-based hills to make the three rivers a trinity flowing into a gigantic cup from which Liverpool may be refreshed and sweetened. It is a pretty plan, and in paying £3,(Q),(Q) for it the city has made a bargain which many other municipalities will envy. It may be thought that Liverpool’s gain is a Welsh loss. Not at all. The Vyrnwy is a tributary of the Severn, and the waterworks officials have to return as compensation water 10 million gallons daily, while on 32 days in the year 40 million gallons have to be released ie form the equivalent of summer freshets. Normally the summer flow of the Vyrnwy was some two miiilon gallons a day, so that the river has been improved by a better regulated flow. To divert the Cownwy into Lake Vyrnwy a tunnel seven feet in diameter had to be cut through the bowels of a hill. The tunnel is a mile and a quarter long, and through it a volume of water will be carried to the lake of not less on an average than seven million gallons a day. A Stupendous Aqueduct. On the other side of the lake a Welsh moun- tain stubbornly resisted the demands of the engineers lbr a passage for the Marchnant. The rock was exceptionally hard, and occasional floods ereated delay, but geological formations had to yield before the resources of science, and the waters of the Marchnant, the Cownwy, and Vyrnwy are now united. The total length of the aqueduct between the lake and Prescot, where the water is mixed with a supply from Rivington, is 68 miles. The two longest aqueducts of ancient Rome were respectively 57 and 54 miles long. The Thirimere aqueduct, along which the Manchester water is carried, is nearly 100 miles long. Lake Vyrnwy is several hundred feet higher than Liverpool, and the water falls by gravitation to the city, Prince’s The Prince, in Implying td an address read by the Lord Mayor of Liverpool, said it gave hun great pleasure to take part in that cere- mony and to perform the crowning act of a vast scheme for providing an adequate water supply. There was the additional satisfaction that in availing himself of the invitation to be there that day he had had an opportunity of seeing a district of the Principality which he had not been able to visit before. He was de- lighted to have that opportunity of meeting so large and representative a body as the City Council of Liverpool, the civic heads of other municipalities, and the official authorities of Montgomeryshire, who had been so good as to join in the welcome.”


hrh-1219th March 1910, Baner ac Amserau Cymru

“GWAITH DWFR Y VYRNWY. TYWYSOG CYMRU YN CYFLAWNI Y SEREMONI AGORIADOL. Dydd Mercher aeth Tywysog Cymru trwy y seremeni o agor Gweithiau Dwfr Llyn y Vyrnwy, yr bwn sydd yn cwblhau cynllun eang gweithiau dwfr Liverpool yn sir Drefaldwyn. Trodd yr holl weithrediadau allan yn hynod o hvyddiannus. Yr oedd tyrfa liosog wedi dyfod ynghyd. Cyfiwynodd Corphoraeth Liverpool a Chorphoraeth Llanfyllin anerchiadau i Dywysog Cymru.”


21st March 1910, Gwaliahrh-13

Agor Llyn Vyrnwy. TYWYSOG CYMRU YN MYNED DRWY’R SEREMONI. Ddydd Morcheir aeth Tywysoig Cymru trwy y seramoni o agor Gweithiau Dwfir Uyn y Vyr- nwy, yr hwn eydd yn cwbihau cyntun eang gweitJiiau d<wfr Lerpwl yn Sir Drefaldw^-n. Trodd yr Jhoffl wieithrediadau aHam yn hynod o IwyddiaaMis. Yr oodd tyirfa luosog wedi dyfod yn nghryd. Oyflwynodd Garphoraeth Lerpwl a Chorphoraeth LiaasfyiJin anerchiadau i Dywysog CymNl. Yr oedd ymweJiad Tywysog Cymru a Llyn Vymwy yn rhoddd cyfteusderau iddo ef weled nid yn unig ran bryd forth a rhamaaitus o’r Dy- wysogaeih, ond hefyd orpheariad un o ym- gymeria&u rnwy-af nododig yr oem Cronwyd tair afon. difodwyd pewtmf henafol, a. ffiurfiwyd y Myn mwyaf ao arddetrohooaf yn Nghymru, ao hefyd gludiad dwfr gryn 70 mlffdar o hyd. Cy- meodd ddeuddeng mljedd ar bugain i’w gwbi- hau, ac y m” y goot vn a” i dair mil-iwn o bunau, a geliir oyflenwi Lerpwl a’r treifydd oyich- ymol gyda gryn 40 miiiwn o fllwymi o ddwfa- yn ddyddioJ, haif a gauaf. Yr oedd orOOWJÃY Tywy-g ddydd, Membew, yn symL Gofyaid iddo ddiidcKohcxMio oa- i goiofn a thynu y fraich a agorai y twneJ di- weddaf, fed ag i ymarilwys yr afan ddiweddaf a gronwyd i’r llyn. Gadawodd y tren yn Fouiroroasies. 16 mailiclir &r Vyrnwy, a darbyiBodd groesawictd Anglwydid- Faer Lerpwl, yr Heajadur Williams, Arglwydd Raglaw Maldwyn* Syr H. L. Watkiiis Wiffiame j Wynm, a boneddwyr oraill, ac awd tuagat y Myn mewn oeir modur drwy y pemtrefi Cymiredg. Yr oedd’ y ffyrdd wedi e« harddwisgo a banerau, a pheamt yr ysgol yn oanu o dan y pontydd tra yr abai y IVwyackg heibio. Yr oedd un amgyksh- iad prudd. Nid oedd y prif gynllunyddâ George Fnedlerick Beacon-yoo. Bu farw yn mis Me- hedin diweddaf, pan oedd y gwaith a” y cyseg- rodd 30 mlynedd o’i oes iddo bran wedi ei gwbl- hau. Y ma-e y ffemostr gaffadwrmothdl yn yT weAadwy o’r lie y eyflawnid y aetremosn agoriad- ol. Y mae ei waiUi yn arcs. Ar 01 y seremond pkmodd y Tywysog good- eao, a bwriada Corphoraoth Lewpwl ddechreu gwiniLan oddeotta y llyn.


hrh-1424th March 1910, Y Llan

“Agor Llyn Vyrnwy. Ddydd Mercher aeth Tywysog Cymru trwy y seremoni o agor Gweithiau Dwfr Llyn y Vyrnwy, yr hwn sydd yn cwblhau cynllun ea,ng gweithiau dwfr Lerpwl yn Sir Drefaldwyn. Trodd yr holl weithred- iadau allan yn hynod o Iwyddianus. Yr oedd tyrfa luosog wedi dyfod yn nghyd. Cyflwynodd Corphoraetli Lerpwl a Chor- phoraeth Llanfyllin anerchiadau i Dyw- ysog Cymru. Yr oedd ymweliad Tyw- ysog Cymru a Llyn Vyrnwy yn rhoddi cyfleusderau iddo ef weled nid yn unig 1 Z7, ran brydferth a rhamantus o’r Dywysog- a«th, ond liefyd orpheniad un o ymgymer- iaclau mwyaf nodedig yr oes. Cronwyd tair afon, difodwycl pèntref lienafol, a. ffurfiwyd y llyn mwyaf ac ardderchocaf yn Nghymru, ac li-efyd gludiad dwfr gryn 70 milidir o hyd. Cymerodd ddeuddeng mlynedd ar hugain i’w gwblhau, ac y mae y gost yn agos i dair iniliwn o buriau, a gellir cyflenwi Lerpwl a’r trefydd cylch- ynol gyda 40 miliwn o alwyui o ddwfr yn ddyddiol, haf a ga-uaf. Yr oedd gorchwyl y Tywysog ddydd Mercher yn syirii. Gofynid iddo ddadorchuddio cofgolofn a thynu y fraich a agorai y twnel diweddaf a gromvyd i’r llyn. Gadawodd y tren yn Fourcrosses, 16 milidir o’r Vyrnwy, a der- byniodd groesawiad Arglwydd-Faer Ler- pwl, yr Henadur Williams, Arglwydd Raglaw Maldwyn, Syr H. L. Watkins Williams Wynn, a boneddwyr eraill, ac awd tuag at y llyn mewn ceir modur drwy y pentrefi Cymreig. Yr oedd y ffyrdd wedi eu harddwisgo a banerau, a phlant yr ysgol yn ca-nu o dan y pontydd tra yr elai y Tywysog heibio. Yr oedd un am- gylcliiad prudd. Nid oedd y prif gynllun- yddâ George Frederick Beaconâyno. Bu farw yn mis Mehefm diweddaf, pan oedd y gwaith. ag y cysegrodd 30 mlynedd o’i oes iddo bron wedi ei gwblhau. Y mae y ffenestr goffadwriaethcl yn yr eglwys fechan He y gorwedd ei Iwcli bron yn weladwy o’r lie y cyflawnid y seremoni o Y mae ei waith. yn aros. Ar o J ol y seremoni planodd y Tywysog gceden, a bwriada, Corphoraeth Lerpwl ddechreu gwinllan oddeutu y llyn.”


24th March 1910, The Aberysmith Observer hrh-15

The Prince of Wales in North Montgomeryshire. Interesting Ceremony at Lake Vyrnwy. His Royal Highness, the Prince of Wales paid another visit to Montgomeryshire on Wednes- day. Last November the Prince and Princess were the guests of the Earl and Countess of Powis at Powis Ca.stlefor some days, and the warmth of the public welcome accorded to them > in the county on that occasion will be fresh in the recollection of every one. His visit this week was marked b- an equally hearty demon- stration of popular delight and loyalty. The primary purpose of his visit was to perform the inaugural ceremony of the completed water works of the Liverpool Corporation at Lake Vyrnwy, but opportunity was taken by the popu- lace of North Montgomeryshire and neighbour- ing districts to testify anew and in no unstinted fashion the pride and pleasure which were felt at the presence of the Prince, in the land from which he derives his august title. His progress from Four Crosses station where he detrained, to the Lake where the chief ceremony of the day took place, was of a triumphal character. All along the twenty miles route, evidences of welcome were in abundance, while at Four Crosses, Llansantffraid, Llanfyllin, and, of course, at Lake Vyrnwy, more formal but no less he-arty and sincere expression was given to the loyal feelings which the visit evoked. ARRIVAL AT FOUR CROSSES. The train by which the Prince and his suite travelled left Euston at 10 a.m., and proceeded by way of Shrewsbury and Buttington to Four Crosses the mes.t convenient station from which to make the motor journey to Lake Vyrn- wy. The morning was cloudy and chilly. The residents of Four Crosses and the neighbour- hood were early astir in anticipa-tion of the royal arrival, and the finishing touches were given to the decorations with which the station and village had been bedecked. These decora- ti-ons were on a very tasteful and complete scale. The station premises were prettily decked with flags and bunting, draped Venetian masts being erected at intervals iii the station yard, connected by streamers from which dainty pennions fluttered. Mounted on two masts on either side of the gateway floated larger flags, while conspicuous overhead waved the Union Jack. At the Creamery, near bv, another similar flag was hoisted. Groups of smaller flags mounted around the Prince of Wales’s feathers, formed another graceful feature in the decoration of the building. Thence on either side of the road to Four Crosses gracefully draped lyiast-s rose at intervals from groups of evergreens. While from one to another floated gay streamers, the whole formi-iig a brilliant av- enue. At the beginning of the Llansantffroid road a triumphal aroh in evergreens ie-lieved by bright of colour had bieein erected witn the emblem of the Prince as the centre piece and with the Union Jack floating over all. The legend” God ibles.s the Prince of Wales,” was a conspicuous feature of the arch. At the canal bridge a pretty arch had been, erected by the Canal Co., while still further on there was another very graceful arch which had been erected by Mr D. Ffoulkes of M aes teg. The villages were no less loyal in their efforts to nrnke a becoming display, and from moat of the houses there and in the neighbourhood flags or other bunting were shown, a favourite being the national banner with its Red Dragon ram- pant. The following committees had charge of the arrangements for the clay :-General Com- mittee: Mr D. Ffoulkes, vice-chairman of the Parish Council (owing to the regrettable indis- position of the Chairman, Mr J. D. Rogers), president; Councillor E. H. Roberts, tre.asurer; Councilors Geo. Lloyd, R. Downes, and J. Rob- erts, and Messrs D. Evans, Rural District. Coun- cillor; Arthur Bromhead, a.nd T. Kempster and Walter Pritchard, Llandysilio; Messrs C. Prit- chard and T. H. Morgan (Parish Councillors), LLandrinio; E. J. Davies and Ben Price, Ardd- leen; Madam Pryce, Street House; Mrs Walter Ridge, the Misses Ridge, Brvn Offa; Miss Evans, Gwernybelliad; Miss Gertrude Roberts, The Station, and Miss Maggie Roberts, Church House. These together with the Masses Lizzie Hughes and Pattie Jones. Four Crosses, with tne exception of ‘Messrs C. Pritchard, T. H. Morgan, E. J. Davies, and B. Price formed the Decoration Committee, with Mr H. L. Steele, acting c-terk of the Parish Council, as the ener- getic hon see. The gardeners from Rhvsnant Hall, Llandysilio Rectory, Pentreheylin” Hall, and Trelwydan proved of”valuable assistance. Although the Royal train was timed to arrive at 1-47, it still wanted several minutes when it steamed slowly into the station, and a hearty cheer went up from the crowd on the railway bridge tai3 His Royal Highness stepped upon the platform. The Prince, who was attended by the Hon Derek Keppel, equerrv-in-waiting, and was accompanied by Lord Derby, G.C.V.O., and Lord Herbert Vane-Tempest (High Sheriff of Montgomeryshire), wore a silk hit and dark overcoat. He at once shook hands with Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn (lord lieutenant of the county), who was in waiting at the station, and who thereafter presented to His Royal Highness the. Mayor of Liverpool (Alderman”W. H. Wil- liams), who wore his chain of office, and who, with tile following other gentlemen had arrived earlier on the platform: Major General F. Lloyd, C.V.O., C.B., D.S.O., commanding the Welsh Division; -Alejor,Strick, D.A.G., Q.M.G. staff officer), Brigadier Dunn, the Town Clerk of Liverpool (Mr Edward R. Pickmere), the Chief Constable of Montgomeryshire (Mr W. J. Holland), Mr J. Conacher (chairman of the Cambrian Railways Company), Mr Alfred Herbert (a director), Mr Percy Corkhill (assistant solicitor to tlie Liver- pool Corporation), and Mr J. R. Davidson (ws- sistant water engineer), who were also present- ad to tht Prince. Others on the platform were Mr S. Williamson (secretary), Mr J. C. Mac- donald (chief engineer), Mr J. Williamson (as- sistant engineer), Mr H. E. Jones (locomotive superintendent), Mr W. H. Williams (traffic department), Mr H. A. W. Walker (assistant superintendent, L. and N.W., in charge of the Royal train from Euston), Mr J. Williams (joint superintendent), Mr J. L. White (superinten- dent, Shrewsbury). Mr Walter Turnbull (assist- ant superintendent). After chatting .some mo- ments with Sir Watkin and General Lloyd, the Prince entered the station yard where the guard of honour was posted, consisting of a hundred men of the 7th Royal Welsh Fusiliers in charge of Ca-ptein A. E. R. Jelf-Reveley, and Lieuts J. Davies (Towyn) and O. Davies (DolgePey), who bore the King’s colour. On the left and facing the gua.rd were the full hand of the Regiment under Bandmaster Reynolds, while grouped near the entrance to the station on a slight ele- vation at the back of the guard were about 400 children of the Llandysilio, Llandrinio, Ardd- leen, and Penrhce elementary schools, bearing banners, and the boys of Deytheur Grammar School all under their respective head teach-ers. A Royal salute was given by the guard as the Prince made his appearance, the band strik-ing up the National Anthem. Captain Jelf- Reveley having been presented, the Prince pro-ceeded to inspect the guard, and afterwards ex- pressed his approval of the smart and soldierly appearance of the men. During the inspect-ion the school children sang one verse of “God bless the Prince of Wales.” His Royal High- ness stood in conversation with General Lloyd and Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn for about a minute, and afterwards entered a motor car which with others were in waiting. He was ac- companied in his car by Lord Derby, Lord Her- bert Vene-Tempest, and the Hon Derek Keppel, and as the party drove slowly off the Prince smilingly acknowledged the hearty cheers which were raised on all hands. The royal car was preceded by that of the Lord Mayor of Liver- pool, who was accompanied by the Town Clerk (Mr Pickmere), and a long procession of other cars brought up the rear. The guard was after- wards dismissed till three o’clock when the fall- in was given prior to their departure about 3-30. Before they left each of the school children was presented with a bun. The people had evident- ly given themselves up for a holiday to mark the occasion, while hundreds of visitors thronged the village during the greater part of the day. LLANFYLLlN-PRESENT A rlON OF ADDRESS PRINCE’S REPLY. In honour of the occasion Llanfyllin wao en fete in every sense of the word. The prosaic everyday appearance of the old-world borough had been completely transformed by the lavish scheme of decoration. Everywhere there was a blaze of attractive colour, and everybody was gay with the holiday spirit. The decorative work was very well done. At the eastern end of the town a magnificent arch was erected by Mr Marshall Dugdale to greet the Royal visitor on his entrance into the borough from Llan- santffraid. Evergreens and plants were the ohief materials used in the construction of the arch, and it bore the appropriate motto “Wel- come in English and Welsh. It was supple- mented hy pretty streamers stretching all along the Pendre end of the town. In the centre of High street, in the vicinity of the Town Hall, there was an even greater profusion of flags, bannerettes, and other hunting. The Town Hall does not conveniently lend itself to effec- tive decoration, but it had been very tastefully adorned by the Corporation officials with fes- toons of evergreens and with appropriate mot- toes. Byw Byth for’ Tywysog” and “God bless the King and Queen” were among the loyal greetings shown. Bunting was a-Leo largely displayed on business buildings and private re- sidences. At the western, end of the town a second triumphal arch, prettily decorat.ed and bearing appropriate mottoes of welcome had boen put up under the personal supervision of Mr John Lomax, of Bodfach. Long before the time at which it was anticipete-d the Prince would pass through the borough, visitors from the surrounding countryside began to pour into the town and at noon, the main streets presented an animated appearance. Early in the morning the weather had been a little threatening, but the rain kept off, and fortunately did not mar any of the picturesqueness of the ceremony. IPeals were rung from the bells of the Parish Church at frequent intervals. In the. morning the Mayor and Mayoress (Mr and Mrs El Lis Roberts) visited the two elementary schools and distributed amongst the scholars medals which they had kindly caused to be struck in com- memoration of the occasion. Shortly before noon the tradesmen of the town closed their places of business, and the Mayor and members of the Town Council met outside the. Town Hall. This meeting was the first. step in the carrying out of the day’s programme, and soon the streets presented an even mere festive ap- pearance than before. In the Town Hall square the Corporation formed into a procession, and were joined by the Druids and Oddfellows Friendly Societies and the 1st Llwvn troop of the Boy Scouts under Scoutmaster John Davies. Headed by the full regimental band of the Montgomeryshire Yeomanry, under Bandmaster Fred Owen, the procession marched to the rail- way station to meet the members of the Liver- pool City Council. The procession, as it passed through Pendre made an imposing spectacle. The Great Western Atlantic train de luxe,” conveying the Liverpool Corporation arrived at the station promptly to time, and as the City Councillors stepped from the magnificently ap- pointed saloons, the Mayor extended them a hearty welcome to the borough. On behalf of Liverpool’s Lord Mayor, who was at Four Crosses meeting the Prince, Sir Charles Petrie, the well-known Conservative leader on the City Council, returned thanks. They were, he said, very grateful to the Corporation of Llanfyllin for their warm welcome, and they much appre- ciated the reception that had been given them. They felt grateful, too, to the peopLe of that picturesque part of Wales for giving the city of Liverpool such pure water. The Mayor and Town Clerk were -afterwards introduced to Lieut-Colonel R. S. Parker, the chairman of the Corporation Water Committee, Major Denton, the vice-chairman, and other members of the committee. The City Councillors immediately proceeded to the dozen, large motor charabancs awaiting them, and drove away to Lake Vyrnwy ((midst the hearty cheer.s of the large crowd that had .assembled outside the station premises. The Town Council then returned to the Town Hall to be in readiness for the ,arrival of the Prince. Amongst the members of the Town Council who accompanied the Mayor were the ex-Mayor, Mr Thomas Edwards, Aldermen Rob- ert Jones, R. H. Jones, H. O. Jones, and J. T. Evans, Councillors J. Marshall Dugdale, W. Arthur Pughe, J. Pentyrch Williams. Griffitili Jones, R. Evans, E. Hawke Dawe- and. R. Lewis. The borough medical officer (:Dr F. Felix Jones), the deputy town clerk (Mr N. Bennett Ed- wards), the borough surveyor (Mr D. Lloyd), the mace bearer (Sergt Price), and the town crier, and a number of the leading townspeople of Llanfyllin were o.,Lso pxegeiit in the procession. Shortly after -one o’clock the guards of honour were mounted, and the proceeding was watched with much interest by the crowd of sightseers who had now taken up favourable positions at windows and on the pavement. A guard of hon- our of the Montgomeryshire Yeomanry took up a, position on one side of the street in front of the Wynnstay Hotel under the command of Major W. M. Dugdale, with Lieut Gerald Dug- dale as second in command, and Sergt Wat-kin as standard hearer. A second guard of honour, consisting of non-commissioned officers and men of the 7t,h Battalion Royal Welsh Fusiliers, were stationed on the south side of Penybryn tinder the command of Captain Corbett-Winder, with Lieut Evans as secoiid iii, command and Lieut Gordon Reed ae standard bearer. The super- vision of these military arrangements was car- ried out by Captain and Adjutant the Hon Hugh Joicey. Both Yeomen and Territorials looked very smart in their review uniforms. Another prominent feature of the early proceedings was the procession of school children from their re- eeetin-e schools, under the cha-rge of Mass Lyddiatt, Mr Hawke Dawe, Mr J. P. Williams, and other masters and mistresses. The little ones took up position conveniently close to the spot fit which the Royal motor car was to stop. The boy scouts, wearing khaki jackets and carrying their staffs, marched to the front of the Town Hall, and were the object of much curiosity on the part of countryside visitors who have not been awa-re of the growth of this youthful phase of voluntary service. Last of all the Mayor and Corporation took up a position in the Town Hall square. The arrangement of these necess.ary preliminaries was excellently carried through under the supervision of Mr J. T. Astley as marshal!. A little -after two o’clock a boy scout scorched into the town on his cycle with the news that the Prince had arrived at Llansantffmid, and the intelligence set everyone on the tip-toe of expectation. Eyes were eagerly directed to- wards the Pendre end of the borough, and just before half past two a cheer was raised as a large covered motor ear appeared. It proved to be that in which the Lord Mayor of Liverpool was travelling, and his lordship raised his hat in acknowledgment of the greetings. The pilot ,car followed, and then there was a remarkable scene of enthusiasm as the Royal motor car came round the bend. The car stopped at the eastern end of the Town Hall, and his Royal Highness almost immediaitely stepned out. A storm of cheering greeted the Prince, and he smilingly bowed his acknowledgments. The band,then struck up the National Anthem. The Prince was accompanied by the Earl of Derby, Lord Herbert Vane-Tempest (the High Sheriff), who travelled in the Royal train from London, Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn, the lord lieutenant, and Mr Derek Keppel, equerry. In the other cars in the Royal procession were Major-Gen- eral Lloyd, C.B., D.S.O., Brigadier-General Dunn, Major Strick, Mr W. J. Holland (Chief Constable), and Mr Percy Corkill, of Liverpool, (the marshall of the procession). The Mayor was at once presented to his Rovnl Highness by the Lord Lieutenant; and Mr Roberts in turn presented the town clerk and the members of the Town Council. Afterwards, the Mayor asked his Royal Highness to graciously accept all address of welcome from the Corporation and burgesses. His Royal Highness took the scroll in which the illuminated address was enclosed, and handed to the Mayor his reply, which was type-written. The Corporation’s ad- dress was in the following terms To his Royal Highness George Frederick Prince of Wales. May it pieaiso your Royal Highness, We, the Mayor, Aldermen, and Burgesses of the Borough of Llanfyllin, humbly take the op- portunity so graciously accorded to iisof tender- ing to your Royal Highness our loyal and hear- ty greeting and welcome on the occasion of your journey through this town to Lake Vyrnwy to declare ‘the completion and opening of the ex- tensive waterworks of the Liverpool Corpora- tion. Our ancient borough, comprising as it does more than eight thousand acres, is one of the largest in his. Majeety the King’s dominions, and though sparsely populat.ed your Royal Highness may rest as&ured that its -burgesses give place to none in intense loyalty anl devotion to the Crown, your Royal Highness as the heir appar- ent, and ou-r country. IMany royal favours in he centuries gone by have been specially granted to the inhabitants by means of royal charters commencing so long ago as the reign of King Edward the 2nd, but we assure your Royal Highness that none of it-hem will be more highly appreciated by the King’s loyal and dutiful subjects than the hon- our you now pay us by your visit. We earnestly pray that their Majesties the King and Queen may live long to reign over us and that your Royal Highness will long be spared to share with your illustrious royal par- ents the manifold and numerous important func- tions attaching to the Crown. Given under the Common Seal E– of the Corporation this six- teenth day of March, in the if II year of our Lord one thousand 11 J] nine hundred and ten. V .-0- ELLIS ROBERTS, Mayor. THOS. JONES, Town Clerk. His Royal Highness’ reply was as fclloii-s Mr Mayor and Gentlemen,- I have received with much gratification your address of welcome on this occasion of my first visit to Llanfyllin, and I heartily thank you for the kind sentiments to which it gives expres- sion. I ani, delighted that my journey to Lake Vyrnwy affords me an opportunity of seeing this beautiful part of Wales the land from which I derive the title which I am proud to bear and of gaining some knowledge of its people. I have read with interest the facts recorded of your ancient and historic borough and of the favours specially granted to its inhabitants by Royal Charters, commencing so long ago as the z;1 reign of King Edward II. 4 It will be my pleasing duty to convey to the King and Queen the assurances of your loyalty and devotion. In again thanking you for your friendly greet-ings I earnestly trust that God’s blessing may ever rest upon Llanfyllin and its people. His Royal Highness afterwards stood listening to the singing of a patriotic song by the school children, and appeared to be much pleased with their sweet toned rendering. An inspection of the guards of honour then took place. His Royal Highness walked up and down the ranks of the yeomen and infantry drawn up in single file on their respective sides of the street, and said a few words to Major Dugdale and the other officers in command. Opposite the boy scouts the Prince paused an,a spoke to the Scoutmaster fMr J. Davies). He enquired as to the 81 re rig in of the troops and expressed gratification at the smart appearance of the boys. His Royal Highness added that scouting was a, grand thing for the youths. Coming back to his motor oar, his Royal Highness noticed that Mr Marshall Dugdale was wearing the Queen Victoria Jubilee medal and cordially shook hands with, him, expressing gratification at the fact that Mr Dugdale was Mayor of the bo-rough in. the Diamond Jubilee year. His Royal Highness then re-entered his car, and was driven away amidst, a striking scene of en- thusiasm. During the interesting proceedings, the central figure, by his cheery smile and dig- nified hearing, had won the hearts of the emo- tional Welsh people. The welcoming ceremony did not, of course, conclude the enthusiastic proceedings in cele- bration of the Royal visit. Immediately after the Royal procession- left for Lake Vyrnwy the children of the elementary schools of the dis- trict were entertained to tea- through the gen- erosity of Mrs, Mr, and Miss Lomax. The chil- dren showed their appreciation of this kind tr-cat by giving three hearty cheers for the Bodfoeh family. At the National schools Miss Wilkins was responsible for the arrangements, and the tea tables. were presided over by Miss Lydclintt, ‘Mrs Egerton, Mrs Marsh, Mrs Evans, Mrs Crewe, Mrs Godber, M-iss Ellis, Miss Saint, Miss Williams, Miss Ethelston, Miss Egerton, Miss Ada, Egerton, and Miss M. Cooper. At the Council school, Miss Rogers had charge of the arrangements, and the tables were in charge of Mr’s J. P. Williams-, Mrs Jones (Glandwr), Jones (Glandwr), Mrs Bowen, Mrs J. Edwards, Miss Hughes (Brynmair), Miss D. Ed- wards, if. Ellis, Miss A. Jones, Miss Wat- kiri. Miss James, Mrs Kirhy, Mrs Jones (Coun- cil House), and Miss F. Edwards. An excellent lunch was also provided for the Territorials in the Town Hall and at the Wynnstay Hotel. The church bells continued to ring merry peals, and there was loud firing of cannon at intervals from one of the hills overlooking the picturesque borough. The band of the Montgomeryshire Yeomanry also contributed to the entertainment of the sightseers, by .giving n pleasing pro- gramme of music in the principal street. Some Little time earlier than was anticiated, the royal motor car was signalled on the return journey to Four Crosses. A large crowd immediately Lined the roadway, and the car passed slowly through t.he town iamidfit. riinging cheers. His Royal Highness graciously acknowledged the plaudits. AT LAKE VYRNWY. It was three o’clock when the Prince reached the borders of Lake Vyrnwy. A large crowd of people had already assembled, and while wait- ing the Llanfyllin choir under Mr D. T. Davies Brung “The Soldiers’ Chorus” and Comrades song of Hope.” Shortly before three o’clock the Lord Mayor of Liverpool and the Town Clerk of Liverpool arrived by motor car, and 1ft¡ few minutes later the car containing the Prince drew up at the platform. A cheer greeted the alighting of the Prince, who was accompanied on the platform by Sir Watkin WiUiams-Wytin, Lord Herbert Vane-Tempest, Major-Gene ml Lloyd, Major Strick, Mr W. J. Holland, Mr Percy Corkhill, and Mr J. R. Davidson. As his Royal Highness proceeded to the platform the choir struck up the National Anthem. The Lord Mayor presented the following ladies and gentlemen to the Prince The Lady Mayoress (Mrs W. H. Williams), Lieut-Colonel R Stephen Porter, V.D. (chairman of the Water Commit- tee), Mrs R. Stephen Porter, Major William Denton (deputy chairman of the Water Com- mittee), Mrs. Denton, Alderman. Sir Charles Petrie, Councillor J. Harrison Jones. Alderman W. H. Watts, Alderman. William Oulton, Mr Louie S. Cohen, Dr Richard Caton, the Mayor of Bootle, the M.ayor of Birkenhead, the Mayor of Oswestry, Mr W. J. Burgess (late chairman of the Water Committee), and a number of members of the Water Committee, and Mr Joseph Parry (the engineer). Thereafter the Lord Mayor read an address of welcome, which briefly set out the extent of the splendid under- taking, the completion of which his Royal High- ness was about to celebrate. The Prince of Wales, in .the course of his reply, said: It gives me great pleasure, to ttake part in this ceremony, and to perform the crowning act of o vast scheme for providing an adequato water supply, the completion, -of which lias occupied upwards of 29 years. The short description which you have read of the inception and carry- ing out of this immense undertaking is,& record of enginering science and a monument of muni- cipal enterprise. We can see for ourselves how the genius of man has transformed the valley of a mountain stream and dts tributaries into a lake of more than 1,000 acres, -capable of yield- ing between 50 and 60 million gallons of water a day, through an aqueduct nearly 70 -miles in length, supplying not only Liverpool, but many other districts with that inestimable blessing of an abundance of pure water. And the work has I been carried out not only efficiently, but econo- mically, so that this boon is obtained at a mod- I cost.” His Royal Highness recalled .that the first introduction of water into Liverpool from this source was inaugurated by his uncle (the Duke of Conn aught) 18 years ago, and be concluded: You have asked me to turn on to- day into this great ‘lake the water which you have collected from the Marchnant river, ft large ,a.nd important addition to the scheme, the carrying out of which is due to your trusted engineer-in-chief. I shall do so with the great- est pleasure, and with every good wish. I am delighted to have this opportunity of meeting so large and representative a body as the City Council of Liverpool, eivichaad-s of other muni- cipalities, and the official .authorities of Mont- gomeryshire, who have been s« good as to join in your welcome,” His -Royal Highness then walked to the back of the platform and unveiled a bronze tablet let into the face of a massive rock to commemorate the completion of the waterworks. A little later the Prince walked two hundred yards hy the side of the lake to the spot where the tunnel, which is henceforth to bring the water of the river Marchnant into Lake Vyrnwy, has been cut at the base of ,a hill. There Mr Joseph Parry, the engineer, explain- ed the nature of the work by photographs and drawings. The prince of Wales, by the simple process of pulling a lever, removed an obstacle in the face of the tunnel, and the Marchnant left the course it has pursued through the ages and poured itself, a tslightly coloured stream, into the crystal lake. The finish of an under- taking which has cost Liverpool £ 3,000,000 was hailed with much enthusiasm, not only by the country folk, but by the gentle-men of the Cor- poration. The ceremony over, the Prince of Wales motored along the lake side, and planted a commemoration oak. Before leaving, his Royal Highness visited the ontlet tower, and afterwards proceeded to the Lake Vyrnwy Hotel where tea was dispensed. The school children were assembled in front of the hotel and stiig “God bless the Prince of Wales.” A little later the Prince re-joined his cor and left for Four Crosses amid salvoes of cheers. THE DEPARTURE FROM FOUR CROSSES. Exactly at 5-12 the royal car returned to Four Crosses where the train was in readiness. Mr Conacher and Mr Herbert were on the plat- form. Outside the station a throng of people cheered the Prince as lie stepped from his car. Ho smilingly acknowledged the reception, and raised his hat before entering the station build- ings. with Lord Derby, Lord Herbert Vane- Tempest, Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn, and Gen- eral Francis Lloyd. Before entering the saloon his Royal Highness shook hands with the Lord Mayor, and said he was much pleased with tire arrangements that had be,,c,n made. He also ex- pressed to General Lloyd his satisfaction with the turnout and soldier-like bearing of the mem- bers of the Territorial Force, and shook hands with the General, the Town Clerk of Liverpool. Brigadier Dunn, end Chief Constable Holland. After bidding Sir Watkin farewell and a good day sin the hunting field on the morrow, the Prince stepped into the saloon, and as the train moved away there was another salvo of cheer*. The train, which consisted of three L. and N.W. first class corridor saloons, proceeded via Os- westry, Whitchurch,, and Crewe on the way to Jluyt-on and thence to Knowsley, where the Princo was to be the guest of the Earl of Der- by. Driver R. James, Oswestry, was on, the engine (with. Mr H. E. Jones, locomotive super- intendent also on the footplate), .and Guard Rees Lloyd, one of the oldest Cambrian ser- vants, was in. charge of the train. THE PRINCE AND THE PENSIONER. While ab Four Crosse.s on Wednesday, the Prince of “Wales’ attention was attracted to presence of Mr Henry Roberts, who was wear- ing-it bronze medal of the Royal Humane Soc- iety. The Prince sent one of his attendants to inquire what the medal was for, and on being informed he graciously acknowledged the old man, much to the pleasure of those who wit- nessed the incident. This time-worn veteran, who is an old police officer and pensioner, won his decoration on July 8th, 1870, when he went, to the rescue of two la-dies who were in peril while bathing at Aberdovey, and succeeded in rescuing one of them. Mr Roberts, was then stationed as a Constable at Machynlleth, and ile was presented with .a handsome Bible by the people at Machynlleth and neighbourfiood in re-cognition of his heroism. The presentation was made by Earl Vane, .afterwards Lord Lon- donderry, and father of Lord Herbert Vane- Tempest, who was present on Wednesday with the li-ince. Mr Roberts is also the possessor or -a goid ring which w as given to him, by the lady whose life he saved. He is a well-known figure in the parish of Llandysilio where he has resided some 24 years, coming there about two years after retiring from the police force. Al- though in his 90tii year and crippled by rheu- matism, he still takes a keen interest in Mid urns much in the Prince’s visit.


hrh-225th March 1910, The Welshman (Second Edition)

On the 16th inst. the Prince of Wales performed a series of ceremonies commemorative of the com- pletion of Liverpool’s water scheme at Lake Vyrnwy, North Wales, which was commenced nearly 30 years ago.


30th April 1910, The Cardiff Times hrh-16

“The Prince of Wales in “Gwtad Y Delyn.” An interesting little incident which occurred in connection with his Royal Highness’ late visit to Lake Vyrnwy, has rather escaped the attention of the ubiquitous and lynx-eyed press reporter. At the hotel awaiting the arrival of the Prince were the Lord Mayor of Liverpool, the Lady Mayoress, and members of the Corporation. There also were the Vicar Llanwddyn, Rev. John Williams, and his daughter, Miss Ethel Williams, with her harp: an instrument on which she is an accomplished player, having some important eisteddfod prizes to her credit for its effective manipula-tion. The prince on being told of her presence at once expressed his wish that she presented to him. This having been done by the Lady Mayoress, his Royal Highness with his accustomed graciousness cordially shook hands with the young lady, conversing with her upon musical subjects, and especially the ancient “tabyn” -harp-of Wales. Subsequently Miss Williams played several pieces, her father was introduced to the prince, and no doubt father and daughter were delighted with their day’s experiences.”

LAKE VYRNWY HOTEL AND SPA’S WELSH CAKE SECRET RECIPE

welsh-cakes-preparation-detail

Love Welsh Cakes as much as we do? We have decided to declassify our Welsh Cake Secret Recipe and to share it with you all! Are you ready to sweeten your hands? Dydd Gwyl Dewi Hapus to all our followers.     

Ingredients:
– 675 g of self-raising flour
– 330 g of butter from a local supplier
– 255 g of caster sugar
– 3 local eggs
– A few sultanas
– 2 teaspoon of mixed spice
– Love

How to:
1. Mix all the ingredients in a large bowl, creating a firm dough ball.
2. Roll out the dough 1cm thick, and then slice it into rounds.
3. Carefully, give the rolls a heart shape with a biscuit cutter.
4. Shallow-fry them in a pan using a little local butter. Fry both sides until they are golden-brown while you taste our local beer Red Grouse, produced by Vyrnwy Brewing Co. Our pastry chef Bill advises: Please be extra careful here because if you fry them too much they start to kind of melt.
5. Finish them in the oven for five minutes at 160 °C. This step is our secret key, so please don’t miss it!
6. Place them in a plate, dusting a bit more of caster sugar while they’re still hot.

Mwynhewch eich bwyd!

welsh-cakes-preparation

Books and Daffodils around the Lake

smaller-size-st-davids-daffodils-2018

This year St Davids Day and the World Book Day overlap! So we were wondering how to set up a link between both festivals when a happy stroke of luck turned our attention into a well-known poem about the daffodils, by Wordsworth. Reading it, we just realized that one of its stanzas worked really well at certain picture of the Lake opened in one of our screens at that moment. Et voilà! Such a serendipity the one we had today.

I wandered lonely as a cloud 
That floats on high o’er vales and hills, 
When all at once I saw a crowd, 
A host, of golden daffodils; 
Beside the lake, beneath the trees, 
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze. 
Continuous as the stars that shine 
And twinkle on the milky way, 
They stretched in never-ending line 
Along the margin of a bay: 
Ten thousand saw I at a glance, 
Tossing their heads in sprightly dance. 
The waves beside them danced; but they 
Out-did the sparkling waves in glee: 
A poet could not but be gay, 
In such a jocund company: 
I gazed—and gazed—but little thought 
What wealth the show to me had brought: 
For oft, when on my couch I lie 
In vacant or in pensive mood, 
They flash upon that inward eye 
Which is the bliss of solitude; 
And then my heart with pleasure fills, 
And dances with the daffodils. 

Have an exciting read today and a happy World Book Day!📚

 

RSPB Lake Vyrnwy Summer Sightings

RSPB have kindly agreed to let us re-post one of their blog entries of sightings here at Lake Vyrnwy back in the summer.  We hope this gives you an idea of what wildlife you can expect to encounter here at Lake Vyrnwy, Wales.  If you would like to keep up to date with their recent sightings then take a look at their blog.
Hi,

Highlight of the week was a superb Clouded Yellow butterfly seen flying around Llanwddyn (3rd), this migrant species arrives into the UK from southern Europe in variable numbers every year and is not a common sight in Montgomeryshire. In fact the whole week turned out to be rather good for butterflies with Purple Hairstreak spotted in the Hotel Wood and the weekly transect producing 57x Peacock, Small Tortoiseshell, Red Admiral, Small Skipper, Comma, Green-Viened White, Large White, Small White, Small Copper and Meadow Brown butterflies.

This superb Clouded Yellow butterfly was a good find in Llanwddyn during the week (Many Thanks to Gavin Chambers for the photo)

Red Admiral butterfly was recorded in small numbers during the weekly butterfly transect.

Earlier in the week we unveiled the following mystery photo on the RSPB Mid Wales Facebook Page.

Well done to everyone who identified the mystery creature as a male Emerald Damselfly. This colourful damselfly is relatively frequent along waterbodies on the reserve at present. Other odonata sighted on the reserve this week included, Azure Damselfly, Black Darter, Common Hawker and Brown Hawker.

Emerald Damselfly can be found frequently along the reserves waterbodies at present.

High levels of bat activity were observed at dusk along the Afon Vyrnwy, with the bridge near the Sculpture Park (OS Grid: SJ020190)  being a particular good spot to watch feeding Common Pipistrelle, Soprano Pipistrelle and Daubenton’s bat as well as listen to a family of Tawny Owls. The Afon Vyrnwy also played host to Kingfisher (daily), Dipper (daily) and Grey Wagtail (daily).

Sightings on the lake included, 28x Canada Geese, 47x Mallard, 2x Teal, 9x Goosander, 1x Little Grebe, 3x Great Crested Grebe, 4x Cormorant, 5x Grey Heron and 2+ Common Sandpiper.

We’ve been treated to some beautiful sunsets on the reserve recently.

Other interesting avian sightings included, 1x Red Kite (regular over Llanwddyn), 1x Hobby (over Llanwddyn, 4th), 1x Goshawk (Red Trail, 4th) and Crossbill (regular, Visitor Centre, Orange, Red and Green Trails).

Macrolepidoptera Of The Week

Blue-bordered Carpet is top moth this week. Uncommon in Montgomeryshire this species inhabits damp woodland.

Blue-bordered Carpet (Many Thanks to Gavin Chambers for the image).

Cheers,

Adam

Special Moments at Lake Vyrnwy

We thought it would be a great idea to share some photos that we have received over the past month.  The beautiful weather we have been having has meant that there has been lots of photo opportunities out on the terrace and glorious sunsets to capture in the evenings.

Champagne Afternoon tea photographed by Julie Edwards

Champagne Afternoon tea on the terrace photographed by Julie Edwards

Evening view from out Tower Restaurant photographed by Rachel Reynolds

Evening view from out Tower Restaurant photographed by Rachel Reynolds

A day out on the lake from Eleri Smith

A day out on the lake from Eleri Smith

Daytime view out of the Tower Restaurant photographed by Maisie Davies whilst on work experience here

Daytime view out of the Tower Restaurant photographed by Maisie Davies whilst she was on work experience here.

A stunning sunset photographed by Victoria Owens

A stunning sunset photographed by Victoria Owens

Another beautiful sunset taken by Victoria Owens

Another beautiful sunset taken by Victoria Owens

Thank you to those mentioned for sharing these wonderful photos with us.  Do you have any photos of your time here that you wouldn’t mind sharing?  If so, go on to our Facebook page and share them on there or email them to marketing@lakevyrnwyhotel.co.uk – we would love to see them!

Continental Tyres choose our venue for worldwide launch!

We feel very honoured to be the venue of choice for Continental Tyres and motorcycling journalists from across the globe for the launch, which took place on 29/06/14 at midday, of an all new adventure sports tyre – The Continental TKC70.  Thirty motorcyclists have been testing these tyres on some of the World’s finest motorcycles right here on some of Wales’ finest roads.

Today (Monday 04/08/14) we have journalists from as far afield as America coming to stay with us to test these tyres – How exciting!

Facebook IMG_2583 IMG_2590 IMG_2592

 

 

Well done Ian & Jess!

Ian our Food and Beverage Manager and Jess our Assistant Spa Manager recently took on the gruelling challenge of cycling from John O’Groats to Land’s End all in aid of Welsh Air Ambulance and Shropshire Cat Rescue.  They started their journey on the 23rd of June and managed to cycle the 926(ish) miles to Lands End in ten days.

Ian and Jess at John O'Groats

Ian and Jess at John O’Groats

Ian - Welcome to England

Entering into England

Ian celebrating the end of their cycle

Ian celebrating on arrival at Lands End

 

RSPB Lake Vyrnwy Recent Sightings 20th-26th July 2014

RSPB have kindly agreed to let us re-post their blog entry of recent sightings here at Lake Vyrnwy.  If you would like to keep up to date with their recent sightings then take a look at their blog.

Hi,

Top sighting this week was a flyover Yellow Wagtail from the Red Trail (23rd), this summer migrant usually inhabits lowland agricultural fields with the nearest known local population located towards Welshpool. Another highlight this week was an Osprey which flew down the lake (23rd). The lake also played host to 30x Canada Geese, 30+ Mallard, 3x Teal, 3x Great Crested Grebe, 1x Cormorant and 4x Grey Heron.

Frequent Kingfisher sightings this week included birds seen from the Lakeside Hide, below the dam and along the Afon Vyrnwy (Many Thanks to Gavin Chambers for this image taken at Vyrnwy last year).

Other interesting bird sightings this week included, Red Kite (regular along the Dinas Mawddwy road), Sparrowhawk (regular at the Visitor Centre), Green Woodpecker (1x juvenile, Green Trail, 1x Abertridwr), Dipper (regular, Afon Vyrnwy), Wheatear (Bala Road), Stonechat(Rhiwargor waterfall), Spotted Flycatcher (family parties, LLanwddyn and Dinas Mawddwy road) and Crossbill (Visitor Centre, Red and Green trails).

Siskin are regulars at the bird feeders at present (Many Thanks to Sam Constable for the image).

The distinctive blooms of Harebell can be seen along the Green Trail at present.

Purple Hairstreak butterfly should be searched for in the oak woodland at present with at least four sighted along the Green Trail this week (Many Thanks to Gavin Chambers for the image taken off site).

The weekly butterfly transect highlighted a fresh emergence of Peacock’s, with twenty individuals counted alongside a single Comma and small numbers of RingletLarge White,Green-veined WhiteSmall TortoiseshellMeadow Brown and Large Skipper.

The blooms of Common Knapweed are providing a rich source of nectar for insects at present like this Skipper butterfly.

Odonata on the wing this week included, Banded Demoiselle (first record this year), Emerald DamselflyBlack DarterCommon HawkerBrown Hawker and Golden-ringed Dragonfly.

Look how dark this male Black Darter is in comparison to last weeks female.

Macrolepidoptera Of The Week

This week’s top moth was also the focus of attention in the following mystery photo unveiled on the RSPB Mid Wales Facebook Page earlier in the week.

I can now reveal that the giant moth in the photo is a Northern Eggar. Well done to everyone who guessed correctly. Eggar moths are an important part of the Vyrnwy food web with the hairy caterpillars being a favourite meal for Cuckoo and the flying adults a food source for acrobatic Hobby’s. Dayflying ginger male Eggar moths may be seen zigzagging across the higher level trails at present.

Female Eggar moths were attracted to the light on our moth trap.

Cheers,

Adam